Endocrinology Research and Practice
Original Article

Metabolic Syndrome Risk, Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors, and Physical Activity Levels of University Students


Department of Nursing, Amasya University Faculty of Health Science, Amasya, Turkey


Department of Fundamentals of Nursing, Akdeniz University Faculty of Nursing, Antalya, Turkey


Department of Internal Medicine, Amasya University Sabuncuoğlu Şerefeddin Training and Research Hospital, Amasya, Turkey


Department of Radiology, Bursa Acıbadem Hospital, Bursa, Turkey

Endocrinol Res Pract 2022; 26: 156-164
DOI: 10.5152/tjem.2022.22045
Read: 1772 Downloads: 453 Published: 06 September 2022

Objective: The goal of this study is to compare metabolic syndrome risk, healthy lifestyle behaviors, and physical activity levels among university students.

Methods: This research was conducted as a descriptive cross-sectional study, consisting of university nursing and midwife students (n=375), with a total of 264 students who participated voluntarily. Data were obtained via International Physical Activity Questionnaires, Type-II Diabetes Mellitus Risk Questionnaires, the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale-II, biochemical tests, as well as liver and carotid Doppler ultrasonography.

Results: The questionnaires showed that 54.3% had insulin resistance, 15.5% had impaired glucose intolerance, 6% had microalbuminuria, and 15.97% had a fatty liver (grade I-II). Totally, 40.68% of the students were inactive, and the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale-II mean score was 129.75 ± 17.43. There was a statistically significant difference between microalbuminuria and physical activity groups, as well as triglyceride values and the physical activity groups.

Conclusions: It was determined that some students had previously undiagnosed insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, fatty livers, and microalbuminuria. The study showed that the university students had metabolic syndrome risk despite being a younger generation.

Cite this article as: Topbaş E, Bingöl G, Görgen Ö, Terzi B, Çapraz M, Gür SG. Metabolic syndrome risk, healthy lifestyle behaviors, and physical activity levels of university students. Turk J Endocrinol Metab. 2022;26(3):156-164.

EISSN 2822-6135